Friday, January 29, 2016

Borobudur Temple

Borobudur Temple is The Most Atractive Destination of Tour Indonesia

Borobudur Temple: Tour Indonesia
This attraction object lies precisely in the region of Central Java Borobudur Village - District of Borobudur, Kab. Magelang - Central Djawah, about 40 km northwest of Yogyakarta, 7 km south of the city of Magelang. Borobudur Temple is a magnificent building and attached to the vast history that has a square base of about 15129 square meters, with a building height of 35 meters, while the original height of 42 meters including a section chattra.

Borobudur Temple has a very different design to the temple - the other temples in Indonesia. The temple was built on a hill, not on a flat surface. Inside the temple is not found room for the ritual of worship in the temple - other temples. There are only rows of long narrow corridor bounded terraced temple walls. When viewed closely, Borobudur is like a pyramid in general, but what distinguishes this temple terraces - steps. The temple without this room is trusted by society as a building that is intentionally designed to places of worship.

Borobudur Temple from above
Borobudur Temple is a Buddhist temple to the largest in the world. Here you can see so kentalnya aura Buddhist teachings in Indonesia at that time. If you are visiting this temple, you will see many statues of Buddha statues lined along which number around 504. The temple of Borobudur architecture combined with beautiful ornate reliefs on the walls - the walls around the temple. Noted, 2,672 panels in Borobudur temple.

In the middle - the middle of the building there is a stupa Borobudur largest primary among others. This stupa looks like the top of a building and surrounded by 72 Borobudur stupa which marching into three parts. The conical shape of the stupa and has a hole - hole section next to it, and in it there is a statue of Buddha. The statue sits cross-legged with hands gesture "mudras" and turning the wheel of dharma "Dharmachakra mudra".

Borobudur Temple monument is composed of six terraces which form a square. Combined with three circular background. These three levels are believed to have significance for Buddhists. And the meaning of the former is Kamadhatu which could be interpreted as the realm of lust, while the second Rupadhatu an intangible realm, and the last Arupadhatu the realm of the intangible.

Borobudur Temple is a realization that was built to glorify Buddhism. The monument is normally used for a pilgrimage to the Buddhist community, by holding various rituals performed in this temple. Usually they perform the ritual by starting from the east of the temple and then walk clockwise to - 3 levels of background in Borobudur temple.

Relief on the wall - the wall of Borobudur temple made with a very careful and delicate. Aesthetics contained in this relief is very high with very mantab calculation and ideal proportions. This relief looks very graceful and elegant impression in the whole rangeof Buddhist art. With the combined flow of art from India. In painting these reliefs, saving myriad hidden meanings. If seen this relief was tangible as man as citizens of the nobility, the people jelat, a variety of animals and plants, ascetic Buddhist, until the angel and the creatures that have reached a degree of sanctity as the gods are often depicted bodhisattva ie with body position tribhanga. Relief at Borobudur Temple as a pictorial story that depicts the ancient Javanese society. Rows of relief can be read by starting as clockwise.

Not far from Borobudur Temple , there is a museum that holds a myriad of archaeological heritage of the place around the temple. The museum is often known sebagain Karmawibhangga Museum Borobudur. During the restoration of Borobudur temple, while the temple was also found - such as Buddhist temples Pawon and Mendut. Third temple extending in a straight line. Is not a coincidence. Third temple has a similar architecture and decoration, as well as coming from the same period. So in trust, the relationship between the third temple. But not known unclear how the relationship between the three.

History Of Borobudur Temple.

Borobudur Temple was established on the Sailendra dynasty estimated at around century - 9. The initiator of the establishment of the Borobudur Temple is King Samaratungga. In pouring ideas, King Samara Tungga appoint an architect during the Sailendra dynasty named Gunadarma. Borobudur is an extraordinary historic building at the time. How not that big temple built in a way and sederhannya materials as well as the absence of adequate modern equipment. Saampai but we can see today, the temple is still towering majestic sagat sturdy and stout. Gunadarma as the architect of Borobudur, takes approximately 70 years to complete the grand building. A very long time, but equally to the quality obtained from the resulting building. Borobudur Temple was completed in the reign of King Pramudiawardani is none other than the daughter of the king Samaratungga.

Borobudur name itself is taken from the Sanskrit "Vihara Buddha Uhr" meaning Buddhist monastery on the Mount. The only one of the oldest documents showing the existence of this temple is Nagara Kretagama book, written by MPU Prapanca in 1365. In it was written that the temple was used as a place of Buddhist meditation. In accordance with the meaning of the name Borobudur itself.

In ancient times around 13-15 century BC when the volcano erupted, Borobudur Temple had been affected by the eruption of Mount Merapi. this is due to the geographical location of the Borobudur temple near Mount Merapi. The destruction of the temple made public Buddhists worship here ever leave.

Then in 1814 when the British ruled the nation of Indonesia, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles one pejajah British leaders heard that there are places and ancient buildings in the village are very large Segoro Earth Magelang district which is the Borobudur Temple itself. Conditions during the Borobudur Temple was covered by volcanic ash and building bushes so invisible temple. Since ditemukkan first by the British, the temples are in the clear to recall the history of the land of Java.
For many - years from the Dutch colonial era until the Dutch menginggalkan Indonesia Borobudur constantly cleaned. Until finally after Indonesia's independence, in 1956, the Indonesian government in cooperation with UNESCO to examine the existence of Borobudur Temple. Then in 1963, ruling out the official Indonesian government to conduct the restoration of the Borobudur temple with the help of UNESCO. The process of temple restoration was completed in 1984. Borobudur is one of the magnificent and ancient warisaan sturdy towering beautifully, so that UNESCO keen to recognize this temple as a World Heritage in 1991.

Paths Toward Transportation Borobudur
To visit this place, it is easy you can take the route from Yogyakarta or Semarang, on the path from Yogyakarta you can transit Giwangan Bus Station - Yogyakarta, then the journey will continue using bus transportation department Borobudur Terminal. from here you can use the means of transport rickshaws and carts heading to Borobudur Temple front yard.

Then if you take the route from Semarang, you can take the bus majoring in Yogyakarta, Magelang and then get off at the terminal, from here you continue the journey back to Terminal Borobudur, Borobudur upon arriving at the terminal, you can ride tricycles or gig to go to the court of the temple of Borobudur.

Activity Can Do in Borobudur
Borobudur menyinpan million ancient history that has an antique charm and interesting. This tour is a paradise that is worth a visit for art lovers of literature and culture. There will be many find new experiences and interesting as well as rewarding.
Reading Relief from Borobudur can add your insight to the history of the past, so that it becomes a special experience for those who visit there. In addition, the Borobudur Temple is a tourist place ter-slick to serve as the object of shooting beautiful. Especially at sunrise, or sunset. That time - the best time to get the photos of Borobudur. You also can perform activities such as around the temple with a bicycle, riding elephants, rabbits boarded the train, enjoy the sunrise and sunset at Borobudur.

Satisfied visit Borobudur, time to visit other places of interest. Because in addition to Borobudur, near there also a museum that holds a variety of historic items from Borobudur Temple. In addition, there Pawon and Mendut which represents the flow of the Borobudur temple. Third temple is located paada a straight line. So do not waste - waste your time, to visit the place - the historic place.

Rural atmosphere around the tourist sites of Borobudur is also an activity that is mengasikan besides the natural charm of the countryside is very charming, here you can also see a house Joglo Ancient whose age is more than a century that is located in the hamlet Jowahan, apart from that you can also see and learn how to make pottery in the village Klipoh.

Culinary and By - By at Borobudur
A visit to the tourist sites is not complete if not mecicipi culinary and brought by the - by of the tourist site, for that below is a review about the culinary and by - by from Borobudur Temple.

For culinary typical of Borobudur is dazed Beong, culinary served with a spicy flavor is not to be missed just like that when you visit Borobudur, this cuisine is a dish made of fish Beong blended with spices - spicy seasonings and certainly very delicious taste , This culinary is also an icon of the city of Magelang.

For the problem by - the Borobudur very rich collection, you can visit the center by - by which contained around tourist sites, in addition to several handicrafts and batik, Borobudur also save by - by light meals such as porridge papaya, stup papaya, candied papaya and Jet cooled. Interesting is not it?

Tips Visit To Borobudur
Travel is fun and without constraint is its own pleasure for the traveler. To visit the Borobudur temple. There are some tips that you can consider in order to enjoy the activities and fun tours with a maximum of course.

1. Your Vacation agendakan
Agendakan your holiday to Borobudur in the summers. Coming in June, July, or August. Therefore, in these months tend sunny weather. Borobudur temple is home to the vast outdoor area that resembles a mountain. There is no place to take shelter when it rained. So that when you visit during the rainy season certainly can not enjoy the beauty of the temple to the maximum.

2. The visit each other in the group.
Visits in groups may be more fun and exciting for you. You can have fun with people - people nearby. Borobudur temple managers have shared or group visit packages course admission price will be cheaper. For a large group of 30 people.

3. Using a Tour Guide
3. Using a Tour Guide
Surely the way to enjoy the beauty of the travel manager provides tour guide in each group. The tour guide can help you in a tour at the Borobudur Temple, so you can be more aware of the uniqueness of Borobudur itself.

4. Adjust Line Road
If you visit adjust the path to take to go up to the temple of Borobudur. Borobudur prepared two business lines, namely yellow line and green line. This path serves to regulate the flow of tourists walk that does not accumulate in one place.

5. Bring Umbrella Or Hats
We recommend that when you visit Borobudur Temple to bring an umbrella. The umbrella can use to block the scorching heat of the day when the eyes in the temple. This temple is very hot during the day because there is no place berteduhnya.

6. Use Clothes Can Absorb Sweat
For clothing, wear clothing with material that absorbs sweat. Walking - Borobudur roads in the area is so vast and stratified this will surely make you easily sweat.

7. Maintain Integrity and Environmental Hygiene
There are many stupas, temples - small temples, reliefs and statues at Borobudur. As visitors we must maintain the integrity of this building. Do not occasional graffiti - graffiti on the temple because it would spoil the beauty and cleanliness of Borobudur. At the time of visiting Borobudur You'll also see some statues broken, nothing broken or cracked. It is unfortunate historical legacy is open when damaged by hands - the hands of ignorant visitors who are not responsible. For that we are as good visitor should go to preserve its unity by not climb, climb, or sit on.

8. Read Relief Clockwise
If you visit the Borobudur temple, time to read a line of relief on the wall - the wall of the temple. This relief is like a picture story in ancient times, to understand the story of this relief, relief read clockwise.

That review on Architectural Masterpiece of Borobudur temple which stores the past history, may review the above can be helpful to you all. Please read Yogyakarta article in this blog.

No comments:

Post a Comment